Creative Commons to save the planet
Using open access for a postgraduate course in sustainability
Adjunct Lecturer, Australian National University
For the Creative Commons & Research Workshop: Canberra, 11.25am, 25 October 2011
In 2008 the Australian Computer Society commissioned Tom Worthington to design an e-learning course for teaching IT professionals how to reduce greenhouse gas emissions from computer systems. The ACS permitted the course material to be made freely available. The course is now offered by the Australian Computer Society, Australian National University, Open Universities Australia and Athabasca University (Canada).Tom will discuss the difficulties and benefits of using a Creative Commons license for educational materials which is now used globally by multiple universities.
- Prepared DoD guidelines for Internet and Web use in mid 1990s
- Established free online access to Journal (2000) and Conferences (2001) published by the Australian Computer Society
- Recommended a Creative Commons Licence for the International Federation for Information Processing IFIP Digital Library
- Adjunct Lecturer in web design, IT ethics and green computing, ANU
Motivation & Objectives of the Course
Address shortage of courses on "green" sustainable information and communications technology (ICT).
Multidisciplinary approach: computer science, software engineering, electrical engineering, information systems, environmental science and management.
Produce students who can estimate the carbon footprint of an organisation and communicate it informally and formally to management.
The topic of "sustainable", "environmental" or "green" ICT have in recent years attracted interest from both industry and academia. Despite this there are few sustainable ICT courses being taught at universities throughout the world.
Sustainable ICT is multi-disciplinary and draws from fields such as computer science, software engineering, electrical engineering, information systems, environmental science and management.
The objective is to have the students familiar with the terminology and techniques so they can estimate and make written recommendations on the carbon footprint of an organisation. The students need to be able to discuss the issues with their peers and write formal reports for management.
Course commissioned for the Australian Computer Society Computer Professional Education Program in 2008, accredited internationally by IP3.
Emphasis on practical aspects: students investigate Green ICT their own workplace.
Practical progressive assessment (no examinations):
Weekly on-line forum using Moodle to discuss issues (20% of assessment),
Mid and end of semester assignments about green ICT in the workplace (80% of assessment).
Revised and offered by the Australian National University in July 2009.
One major challenge when teaching sustainable techniques is that students will have different backgrounds. Emphasis was placed on practical aspects with the two assignments for the course requiring the student to address sustainable ICT issues in a real organisation, preferably one where they worked.
To give experience in discussing the issues, the students used an on-line text based forum. As an incentive to keep up with the work, 20% of the assessment was for weekly forum contributions, with the balance for mid and end of course assignments. No examinations were used.
In 2008 the Australian Computer Society commissioned the design of a Green ICT course1 to be delivered using mentored and collaborative e-Learning2. The course was first run in February 2009 as part of the ACS Computer Professional Education Program (CPEP)3. The program uses Internet delivered e-learning, via the Moodle open source Learning Management System. Students are assessed on their contribution to group discussions and assignments. The CPEP is a postgraduate masters level program leading to Certified Professional (CP) status, accredited by the International Professional Practice Partnership (IP3)4.
The ACS allowed the course materials for Green ICT to be released under a Creative Commons open access license. A book of course notes5 was distributed free on line as well as a print and e-book.
The Australian National University offered a revised version of the course6 in July 2009. The course was offered on-line to in the Graduate Studies Select program7, as well as on-campus full and part time students.
One of the former students of the ANU course adapted the material for North America8.
- Online course material based on real world examples are effective.
- Mix of part and full time on and off campus students provides depth to student discussion.
- Online asynchronous text based forums are effective.
- Students produce real strategy documents for employers in the course.
- Course notes adapted for North America by Athabasca University.
Release of course notes under a Creative Commons license spread knowledge of an emerging field.
Use of Creative Commons Licence
CC Attribution-Share Alike 2.5 Australia License used for original course: Green Technology Strategies
3.0 Australia License used for revised course: ICT Sustainability: Assessment and Strategies for a Low Carbon Future
The Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 2.5 Australia License was selected initially for the material. This was updated to the 3.0 Australia License for the later edition.
Difficulties of CC
- Limited understanding of different open access licences
- Compatibility of difference OA and CC licences unclear
- Limited good OA content available
- Lack of reciprocation in licensing
- Need to explain the CC licences to ACS and ANU staff
Benefits of CC
- Avoids worry over copyright licences
- Easy to find OA content with a web search
- Provides a strong moral argument for contributors to provide help
- ACS and ANU now understand and accept CC use
- Helps course promotion
- Notes for "Creative Commons to save the planet": http://www.tomw.net.au/technology/it/open_access_for_sustainability/
- ICT Sustainability: Assessment and Strategies for a Low Carbon Future
These are notes for "Creative Commons to save the planet": http://www.tomw.net.au/technology/it/open_access_for_sustainability/
Presentation slides are also available.